Despite being the 17th fastest growing economy in the world with new economic policies and infrastructure investments, Sudan still faces formidable economic problems, as it must rise from a very low level of per capita output. Since 1997, Sudan has been implementing the macroeconomic reforms recommended by the IMF
This country has serious problems of Desertification since most of its terrain is flat and open to soil erosion.
However the Blue and White Nile flow through this vast state.
The Blue and White Niles meet in Khartoum to form the River Nile, which flows northwards through Egypt to the Mediterranean Sea. Blue Nile's course through Sudan is nearly 800 km (497 mi) long and is joined by the rivers Dinder and Rahad between Sennar and Khartoum. The White Nile within Sudan has no significant tributaries.There are several dams on the Blue and White Niles. Among them are the Sennar and Roseires on the Blue Nile, and Jebel Aulia Dam on the White Nile. There is also Lake Nubia on the Sudanese-Egyptian border.
Energy and PowerSudan has a total electrical consumption of 1700GWh of which 77% is supplied by Hydro power.
Installed Capacity: 1100MW++
-----Thermal Power: 760MW
-----Hydro Power: 320MW
Main Hydro Power Plant: Roseires Dam - Blue Nile Southeast of Khartoum.[210MW]
Country's Power Responsibility: National Electricity Corporation.
In 1996 Sudan and Ethiopia were linked by a transmission link. Sudan is to build a hydroelectric and irrigation dam on the Nile north of Dongola. The $300 million project will be financed predominately by China, with Sudan contributing $75 million. In addition, transmission lines will be built to Marawi, south east of Dongola, and Wadi Halfaa in the north.In Sudan about 70% of generated power is consumed in Khartoum.Rural Sudan is without electricity except for diesel generators at the responsibility of Local Authorities.
Two electric power stations have been inaugurated in June 2004 and they are estimated to have a combined capacity of 330 MW. two facilities that would participate in the supply of power. The El Jaili Power project is a power plant that has been constructed by the National NEC in the vicinity of Khartoum. El-Jaili combined cycle power station also known as Plant 1. The Dit Kilo X power station is powered by diesel and has a working capacity of a 257 MW. The project consisted of 7 diesel units that were interconnected at the existing Kilo X substation where bays for injection of 110 KV have been made available. It was Sudan's first Independent Power Production (IPP) project that was completed in 2004. There also exist the 300-MW Kajbar hydroelectric facilities in northern Sudan.
The government aims to boost the country’s electrical power generation capacity over the next few years. Several additional power stations with a total capacity of 700 MW have been planned for completion before 2008.
Sudan is seeking funding from China and Malaysia to finance the construction of the Kajbar and Merowe hydroelectric stations. Development of these hydro projects will cost approximately 1.5 billion (US$). The two plants will have capacities of 300 MW and 1000 MW respectively. Construction of the Malakal run-of-river project, with one or two 10 MW stations, and the Atbara Rumela, also run-of-river, with a 30 MW station, is being reviewed .